Syllabus UGC-NET

Paper II

Law (58)

  1. Constitutional Law


Essential Features of Indian Constitution.

Fundamental Rights and Duties.

Directive Principles of State Policy.



Union State Legislative Relations.

Emergency Provisions

Amendment of the Constitution.

Writ Jurisdiction

Role of Election Commission in Democratic Process.

  1. Legal Theory

Nature and Sources of Law. (Statements)

(Schools of jurisprudence). Positivism, Natural. Law Theory, Sociological Jurisprudence.

Theories of Punishment.

Legal Concepts: Right, Duty, Ownership, Possession and Person Judicial Process : Application of Doctrine of Precedent of India.

Judicial Contribution in Bringing Social Changes & Law and Morality.

  1. International Law

Nature, Definition and Sources of International Law.

International Law and its relationship with Municipal Law.

Recognition of States and Governments.

Settlement of International Disputes.

Human Rights

Extradition, Asylum, Nationality and Status of Refugees.

International Court of Justice.

UNO and its organs.

  1. Criminal Law (No. of Q. 6+7=14)

General Principles of Criminal Law-meaning, nature, essentials and stages of offence.

Nature and Definition of Offence.

General Exceptions

Common Intention and Common Object.

Criminal Attempt, Conspiracy and Abetment.

Offences against Women.

Offences against Human Body.

Offences against Property.




  1. Family Law (No. of Q. 6+7=14)

Concepts in Family Law.

Sources of Family Laws in India.

Marriage and Dissolution of Marriage i.e. (Marriage, Divorce)

Adoption and Guardianship


Uniform Civil Code (case laws)

  1. Law of Tort

Nature and definition of Tort. & (Foundation of Tortuous Liability.)

General Defences to an action of Torts

Remoteness of Damages.

Contributory Negligence

Absolute and Strict Liability, Vicarious Liability

Specific Torts: Negligence, Nuisance and Defamation.

Absolute Liability: Emerging trends in India.

Consumer Protection: Evolution of Consumer Rights and Redressal of Consumer Grievances.

  1. Labour Law

Concepts: Industry, Industrial Dispute and Workman.

Trade Unions: Rights and Immunities of Registered Trade Union; Registration and its advantages.

Methods for Settlement of Industrial Disputes under Industrial Disputes Act, 1947

Strike and Lockout as Instruments of Collective Bargaining.

Retrenchment, Lay – off and Closures.

  1. Law of Contracts

General Principles

Essentials of a valid contract.

Offer, acceptance and consideration.

Capacity to Contract : Minor’s contract.

Elements vitiating contract : Mistake, fraud, misrepresentation, public policy, coercion, undue influence, frustration of contract.

Remedies for breach of contract : Damages.

  1. Administrative Law

Nature, Scope and Importance of Administrative Law.

Principles of Natural Justice.

Administrative Discretion and its control.

Judicial Review of Administrative Action-Writ Jurisdiction.

Lokpal and Lokayukta.

  1. Human Rights

Concept and Development of Human Rights.

Contribution of United Nations in the development and implementation of Human Rights.

Implementation of Human Rights in India : Role of National Human Rights Commission.

Protection of Marginalised Groups : Women, Children, Minorities and Refugees.

  1. Environmental Law

Environmental Pollution: Meaning of Environment and Environmental Pollution; Kinds of Pollution.

Legislative Measures for Prevention and Control of Environmental Pollution in India -Air    and Water Pollution and General Protection of Environment.

International Development for protection of Environmental Pollution.

Remedies for Environmental Protection : Civil, Criminal and Constitutional.

Importance of Forest and Wildlife in protecting environment.

Environmental impact assessment and control of Hazardous wastes.

  1. Commercial Law

Partnership Act : Nature and essentials of partnership mutual rights and liabilities of partners, advantages of registration of firms.

Sales of Goods Act.

Negotiable Instruments Act.

Company Law: Role of Directors, Doctrines of Indoor Management and Ultra Vires.



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